The U.G.C. sanctioned the Department of
Comparative Literature (CL) ofVeer Narmad South Gujarat
University, Surat in 1986. But after undergoing certain
necessary formalities and procedures, it actually launched in
the academic year of 1992-93. The most conspicuous fact about
CL, being a new discipline is thatVeer Narmad South Gujarat
University owes the credit to have this sort of full-fledged
department of Comparative Literature, for the first time in the
whole of Western Zone, and second of its kind in this country
next to Jadavpur University, Calcutta.
Comparative Literature: An Approach
and A Programme :
Comparative Literature is chiefly an academic
approach, but simultaneously it is an essential and a
substantial programme to achieve national integrity and communal
harmony through literature in a multilingual nation like ours.
We intend to expand our wings in both the directions as we have
taken up the Comparative Literature Department.
Comparative Literature: An Academic
In the 19th Century, the thrust for knowledge
sought specialization in every branch. The study of man and
matter, institution and universal was attempted by dividing them
into parts by specialized experts. Consequently the experts
pierced through their subject and could know its part better,
but this analytical process superseded the concept of integral
approach. But later on the excess of analytical approach was
strongly reacted against. The academicians and thinkers felt it
necessary to foster a holistic view after knowing the parts.
Consequently, the process to view all academic disciplines in
relation to each other and the process of synthesis thereof
received higher acceleration. Viewed from this perspective,
comparative Literature is an interdisciplinary attitude. The
study of Comparative Literature as a discipline comprises of the
literatures of two countries. Sometimes the study of different
languages and their literatures of a same nation are also
conducted. The study of literature in relation to other branches
of knowledge, art and culture is also attempted under
Emphasis on Intra-national Comparison
The utility of Comparative Literature has two
dimensions: The global as well as local. In the study of
Comparative Literature the international comparisons ought to be
sought upto some extant, but at the same time our emphasis
should be on intra-national comparison. The major of comparative
thrust of comparative study is aimed at a close study of Indian
culture, civilization and life style of the common people.
Hence, we desire to chanalise this approach in intra-national
direction. Therefore, we plan to develop the syllabi in the
direction of comparing the literatures of Indian languages
without ignoring the world literature. Our aim is to lead the
student to the study of Comparative Indian Literature,
throughout the intra-national emphasis.
Plans and Projects for the development of
Comparative Literature (as an approach or an academic discipline
We are with the intention to implement the
following plans and projects:
M.A. Part I & II
Comparative Literature as Entire subject
(Eight papers) Principal subject (six papers) and subsidiary
subject (two papers) + Two optional papers (Total Nos. of papers
M.A. Part I:
1. Theory and Practical Criticism
2. Influence of Sanskrit Literature on the Literature of Indian
3. A. Generic Comparative Literature
3. B. Literature and Culture
4. Thematic Studies,
5. Theory and Practical Criticism
6. Influence of European Literature on the Literature of Indian
7. Comparative Indian Literature.
8. A. Essays and Translation.
B. Literature and Philosophy (Proposed)
M.Phil. courses :
Two Years Course 4 papers in Theory of
Comparative Literature. IInd year :Dissertation on the subject
of candidate’s choice.
Dr. Ashvin Desai (Reader & Head of Department
of Comparative Literature) and Dr. Mrs. Savita Gaur (Lecturer,
Department of CL) both are recognized as supervising teacher and
will guide Ph.D. students for their research. Dr. (Miss) D.D.
Parmar is also qualified for guiding M.Phil students.
Propagation of C.L. at Undergraduate
C.L. has been introduced at Undergraduate
level at S.Y.. Level.
Diploma Course in C.L. and
We desire to conduct courses in Comparative
Literature and Translation, so that the art of translation may
be helpful to the students in the field of research journalism,
culture and so on. Certificate Courses in Indian Languages
Our first inclination is to run certificate course in for
Marathi Language, as it is our next door sister-language.
Moreover, Gujarat has certain deep roots of cultural and
literary exchanges extended to Bengal. So, the certificate
course in Bengali Language would be our another endeavour. In
the same way, we desire to ran classes for Punjabi and Urdu too.
Because the people speaking Punjabi and Urdu are required to be
involved in the main stream of National Integrity. Learning
their language knowing their literature, which is also equally
rich, can make their friendship. Later on, we may start
certificate courses in Tamil, Telugu also. Thus this certificate
courses of in Indian languages.
Certificate Courses in Foreign Languages
We are intending to start certificate courses
in Foreign languages i.e. German and French languages. The
obvious outcome of the learning such languages would be the
expansion of wider perspective for comparison in the minds of
the students. They may get job in the field of journalism and
research and can earn their livelihood.